The process of planning and implementing measures for the optimal organisation of transport includes choosing the transport mode, route, loading and unloading method, transfer mode, and much more.
Local and individual conditions often have to be taken into account. These conditions may include the unloading situation, route options, loading volume limitations, quantity of goods to be transported, spatial position of locations, degree and depth of logistic processes (warehouse storage versus just-in-time production), legal conditions regarding trade relations (for example, tolls), etc. This all means that the parameters which apply in the real world often differ from those in a universal ideal world.
It is therefore necessary to enter exactly these influencing parameters into the mathematical model and so create a transparent basis for further decision making. It is often only by viewing and modelling the supply chain process as a whole that the required solution can be found. This approach creates a scope for development which can be used in the optimisation process. Taking the production sequence into account when viewing transport logistic questions can sometimes lead to more improved solutions than when simply taking a stand-alone approach.